Last year, Morocco dropped 5 points short of the renewable energy aim, with green electricity accounting for only 37% of total electricity. However, the nation still has some of the most aggressive clean energy programmes in North Africa and the Middle East, with a goal of producing over 50% of its energy from the renewable sources by 2030. Morocco is a clean energy leader with the prospects to export energy as well as new technology to Europe as businesses and governments reduce their dependence on oil in the face of the climate crisis. It has carved out a niche for itself.
However, there are issues that the region’s energy transformation and Morocco’s population will be harmed by an extremely export-oriented renewable energy industry. According to Karim Elgendy, who is an associate fellow at the Chatham House and the founder of Carboun, which advocates for sustainability of Mena, climate observers regard Morocco favourably. “Emissions in Morocco are far less than two tonnes for every person, which is lower than the global average,” he claims. “So, it’s encouraging to hear that they’ll do their part.”
By 2035, Egypt wants to have 42 percent of its energy come from renewable sources. Saudi Arabia by the year 2030. Meanwhile, the UAE aims to achieve a 44 percent market share by 2050. Because Morocco is a close importing country, the renewable energy industry is of special strategic importance. That’s 90% of the energy.
Morocco adopted its energy plan in 2009 in response to rising oil prices. “In the sectors of sector, industry, and aeronautics, we were working on a number of development initiatives. We needed electricity to build the country,” said Rabat, who is in charge of strategy as well as solar, wind, and hydroelectric projects.
Morocco’s renewable energy sector has the capacity to generate 500 TW annually, or as much gasoline and gas as Nigeria and Venezuela, according to the government agency the Economic, Social, and Environmental Council (CESE). For the purposes of this calculation, Western Sahara’s disputed territory: A recent report claims that from Brussels-based campaign organisation Western Sahara Resource Watch, 15 percent and 18 percent of Morocco’s current solar and wind capacity comes from projects in conflict zones, respectively.
However, as Moroccan economist, Rachid Aourraz of the Moroccan Institute for Policy Analysis observes, progress is slower than anticipated, and large-scale projects have not assisted Moroccan citizens to enhance their economic outcomes.
“From 2011 through 2020, GDP per capita has stabilized. What are the advantages of citizens’ income remaining stagnant?” In the renewable energy sector, he stated. It’s doable, but it’ll have to be done “at a cheaper cost and with more sophisticated technology.”
Marsen not only fell short of its targets, but it also pioneered the costly, water-intensive “concentrated solar power” (CSP) technology, which uses steam turbines to direct and produce electricity from the sun’s rays. It has been chastised for its use in the Noor Mega. -industry.